Nosebleeds occur when the fine vessels of the nasal mucosa, which is strongly supplied with blood, are injured. It usually looks worse than it is. Nosebleeds are often harmless and only in extremely rare cases does it lead to serious problems. For example, nausea can occur if the blood is accidentally inhaled and gets into the stomach.
The causes of bleeding can be many and varied: Violent blowing or sneezing, dry nasal mucous membranes, an internal injury, e.g. by the fingernail or in an accident or during sports. But can nosebleeds also be triggered by stress?
Stress causes blood pressure to rise and persistent high blood pressure increases the risk of nosebleeds. But of course in most cases it is also an interaction of several causes. If you suffer from nosebleeds very often, you should try to find out which factors trigger the nosebleed.
So it may often be that the Stress is more likely to be triggered or intensified by the nosebleed and not vice versa. High blood pressure, which does not necessarily result from stress situations, can be treated by measures to strengthen the circulation, such as regular (endurance)Sport or even sauna visits, can be controlled
But of course, the basic principle must be observed: Frequent, unusually severe nosebleeds should be taken seriously in any case and should be examined by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist.
For children and young people nosebleeds can also occur more often in the course of strong growth spurts, e.g. during puberty. And also in women during pregnancy you shouldn't let the bleeding from your nose scare you too much. In this phase all mucous membranes are more strongly supplied with blood and therefore one is more susceptible to nosebleeds.
Emergency measures for nosebleeds
When the blood runs from the nose, most people are a little shocked at first. You should still try to stay calm. Because with a few small measures the bleeding can usually be stopped within a few minutes:
- Sit up straight
- Neck or the root of the nose cool. Ideally with a damp towel or a compress. The cold causes the blood vessels to contract and the bleeding to decrease.
- Bend your head forwardso the blood can flow out of your nose.
- The nostrils Press firmly together for about five to ten minutes without a break. Breathe in and out through the mouth in a relaxed manner.
- Then the Release nose again.
- If it continues to bleed, repeat the procedure
If the bleeding cannot be stopped, the patient should be taken to a doctor.
Under no circumstances should you put your head back on the back of your neck. Many affected persons tilt their head backwards reflexively to restrict the blood flow from the nose. This allows the blood to flow backwards into the throat and into the oesophagus. The blood in the stomach can then cause nausea or vomiting. There is also a risk of the blood getting into the airways.
Nosebleeds are often related to a sensitive nasal mucosa. Therefore, if you have a certain susceptibility, you should regulary maintain. In addition, you should always ensure that the humidity in the room is appropriate. Because dry air is harmful to the nasal mucosa.