They are regarded as windows to the soul: our eyes. And what many don't know: the eyes can also be directly influenced by the psyche. So especially our eyesight can be influenced by psychological stress will be massively affected. Because visual disorders are often the result of stress. But how are stress and our eyes actually connected? And what can be done to prevent vision problems or alleviate complaints?
How are visual disorders and stress related?
Stress is, of course, only one of many possible causes of visual impairment. Other factors, such as genetic disposition or susceptibility to circulatory disorders, also play a role.
Many of us know eye problems, like tired and dry eyes as a result of a long working day in front of the screen. More extreme complaints, such as eyelid twitching or painful eye pain, are often accompanied by stress in the form of Overuse and overloading of nerves and muscles.
If no physical cause for the complaints can be diagnosed, the visual disturbances caused by the mental strain in the form of stress are also called psychosomatic illness - a physical-mental interaction. This is the case when the complaints, in this case a visual disturbance, do not have physical but psychological causes. And so the symptoms also improve when the permanent stress situations no longer occur.
The different types of visual disorders and their symptoms
How do eye problems express themselves through stress? Vision problems can be associated with a number of different symptoms. The symptoms usually occur individually and in different forms. Often it is only harmless short-term complaints, which do not necessarily lead to a visual disorder. Permanent and serious symptoms are better taken seriously and should be treated quickly by consulting an ophthalmologist.
We give a general overview of the various clinical pictures, some of which cannot be triggered (only) by stress:
Retinopathy Centralis Serosa (RCS)
With the colloquially also "Managerial SicknessThis disease is called "retinal retinal disease" and is a damage of the retina of the eye. Classical symptoms of this visual disorder are grey-black spots in the visual field, image distortion, colour perception disorders and blurred or distorted vision. It is assumed that cortisone, adrenaline or the stress hormone cortisol are often responsible for this disorder.
One of the most common visual disorders is when you suddenly have blurred and blurred vision. It seems as if one perceives the surroundings as if through a fog or veil. This disturbance can be caused by a Overexertion of the eye or defective vision (e.g. myopia/ hyperopia). In the worst case, the complaints result from Retinal detachment. Then, but also basically in case of permanent disorders, you should consult a doctor quickly.
eye flickering, flashes of light / eye migraine
With this visual disorder, affected persons perceive light phenomena such as flashes, zigzag lines and flickering of the eyes. Causes of this disease, which also Photopsy are often called Migraine or epilepsy.
The light phenomena mentioned and in some cases Limitations of the field of vision also occur with the Eye-migraine on. In contrast to the usual migraine, one feels no or only weak headaches. In most cases, sudden visual disturbances, such as flickering before the eyes, disappear by themselves. If not, however, one should react urgently and have the eyes examined.
Double images (diplopia)
Most people probably know visual disturbances in the form of double vision as a side effect of too much alcohol. If this clinical picture occurs in principle, it is usually due to a serious eye disease or other illnesses. Examples are disorders of the eye muscles, certain brain nerves or the autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis.
Visual field failure
In case of a visual field failure (Scotomas), those affected can no longer perceive the same size of space as before. The field of vision is restricted, narrowed and the visual acuity in this area is reduced. The reduction can even increase until the affected area of vision goes blind. The clinical picture can be caused by some eye diseases, but it can also occur as a concomitant of other complaints or injuries.
Color vision defects
Affected persons can hardly or not at all recognize red, green or blue. Mostly this weakness is congenital and mostly affects men. A distinction is made between colour vision deficiency and colour blindness:
Colour vision impairment: Certain colors can still be seen, but not as well as they should be. The best known form is the Red-green visual impairment.
Color blindness: Also called achromatopsia or achromasia. No colours can be perceived, only contrasts (light-dark).
Visual disturbances due to stress: What helps against it?
The most sensible treatment for mild visual disturbances caused by stress is of course to avoid the psychological strain. If one learns to avoid the stress or finds ways and means to to cope with stress betterthen you make sure that the stress-related visual disturbances do not arise in the first place. Also different Relaxation exercises or Sportssuch as Progressive muscle relaxation or Yoga can minimize stress in the long term.